Our work in Mozambique
NIMD’s work in Mozambique started in 2000. The programme focuses on reducing the tensions between the parliamentary parties and creating space for dialogue and constructive collaboration. The programme has built up trust with political parties in Mozambique to work with all of them on a bilateral basis. The programme works on major political processes in the country, ranging from facilitating dialogue around electoral reform, decentralization, parliamentary oversight over the new natural resource discoveries, ‘Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration’, and more.
NIMD’s programme in Mozambique aims to contribute to a safe environment for elections by facilitating dialogue sessions between political parties, the electoral management bodies (CNE and STAE), and other political and civic actors. IMD achieves this objective through an ongoing dialogue process with the electoral management bodies and around elections, in the Peace Room project.
Started in 2018, the Peace Room sees IMD host 25 participants, including representatives from Mozambique’s key institutions, civil society organizations, and religious organizations. The participants meet throughout electoral cycle, including the campaign period, election day, and the declaration of results. This regularity ensures actors can transparently, and collectively, solve any disputes as they happen. After a successful inception in the 2018 elections, the Peace Room will convene again for future general elections and other political events or crises. This success has led NIMD to examine replicating the Peace Room model in other countries.
In partnership with DEMO Finland and IMD, NIMD works with provincial assemblies to implement effective oversight of Mozambique’s extractive industries. NIMD is supporting the relatively new provincial parliaments to organize oversight visits to extractive industries sites. The programme also creates opportunities for parliamentarians at provincial and at national level to engage with citizens, civil society, the private sector, academics, and each other.
NIMD simultaneously provides training in areas such as the role of parliaments in managing extractive industries, to strengthen the legal framework on oversight and enhance cohesion between the institutions involved. By concentrating not only on legislation drafting, but also its implementation and longer term oversight, NIMD hopes that the benefits of lucrative extractive industries can benefit wider Mozambican society for the long term.
Mozambique became independent from Portugal in 1975. After a long and bloody civil war between rebel movement Renamo and the Frelimo government, a Peace Agreement was signed in 1992. The civil war between the two sides, Renamo and Frelimo, still shapes the political reality of today, and these are the two dominant parties in Mozambican elections.
Mozambique is also gripped by corruption and economic woes. Overconfidence about returns from extractive industries in 2012 began undermining a previous trend of stable economic growth, and there are additional threats of extremism in the country‘s north. Without dedicated investment, Mozambique’s ability to fulfil its political and economic potential will continue to be undermined by weak democratic institutions and endemic corruption.